The most commonly seen fishes around Rhodes. Most of these can be seen on any dive in the shallow bays such as Kalithea and the walls at Lindos.
- Damselfish (Chromis chromis). Inset photo - juveniles, just a centimetre or so long
The most common fish in many areas. Seen in large shoals feeding on plankton in the water column. Juveniles have fluorescent blue markings as seen in the inset photo.
- Ornate wrasse (Thalassoma pavo), male
Commonly seen and easily recognised by its bright colouring. These fish are born as females but are able to change sex to become males (protogynous hermaphrodites) also changing colour as they do so (sexual dichromatism).
- Ornate wrasse (Thalassoma pavo), female
Smaller than the male and with a black spot along the top of the body about half way back.
- Rainbow wrasse (Coris julis)
Seen very commonly on shallow reefs. An inquisitive fish that will often come close to divers as they look for crustaceans and worms disturbed from the sand.
- Peacock wrasse (Symphodus tinca)
- Salema or Saupe (Sarpa salpa)
Very comon in large shoals that feed on algae growing on rocks.
- Common two-banded seabream (Diplodus vulgaris)
Seen almost everywhere, especially in shallow reef areas. Hermaphroditic like many bream.
- Saddled seabream (Oblada melanura)
- White seabream (Diplodus sargus)
- Striped seabream or Sand steenbras (Lithognathus mormyrus)
Bottom-feeder often seen digging in sand looking for worms and invertebrates.
- Boxlip mullet (Oedalechilus labeo)
Commonly seen in small groups in shallow sandy areas
- Comber (Serranus cabrilla). A small (~20-30 cm long) member of the grouper family
- Painted comber (Serranus scriba). Small (~20-30 cm) member of the grouper family.
- Parrotfish (Sparisoma cretense), male
Males are dull bluish-grey; compare to brightly coloured female (next photo); both have clearly outlined scales. Males maintain a harem of sometimes 10 - 20 females.
- Parrotfish (Sparisoma cretense), female
Reds and yellows look a lot duller at depth (often closer to grey-blue). One of the females in a male's harem will change sex once the dominant male has died, replacing him.